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Two Greatest Commands Not in the Ten

Most Important Laws in the Bible

What are the most important laws in the Old Covenant according to the Bible?

Surprisingly, both are mentioned outside of the Ten Commandments in the Book of the Law of Moses (first five books of the Bible).

*note: the Book of the Law of Moses includes the Ten Commandments.

Love God

First most important Law. Love God with all your heart.

Deuteronomy 6:5 CSB
Love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength.

Deuteronomy 7:9 CSB
Know that the LORD your God is God, the faithful God who keeps his gracious covenant loyalty for a thousand generations with those who love him and keep his commands.

*notice the above verse is referencing ALL the commands Moses wrote. Not a select few.

Deuteronomy 10:12 CSB
“And now, Israel, what does the LORD your God ask of you except to fear the LORD your God by walking in all his ways, to love him, and to worship the LORD your God with all your heart and all your soul?

Deuteronomy 11:13 CSB
“If you carefully obey my commands I am giving you today, to love the LORD your God and worship him with all your heart and all your soul,

*the above verse references ALL the commands, ordinances, and decrees Moses wrote.

Love Neighbor

Second most important Law… love your neighbor as yourself.

Leviticus 19:18 CSB
Do not take revenge or bear a grudge against members of your community, but love your neighbor as yourself; I am the LORD.

Matthew 5:43-45 CSB
You have heard that it was said, Love your neighbor and hate your enemy. [44] But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, [45] so that you may be children of your Father in heaven. For he causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.

Love is Not in the Ten Commandments

Jesus point blank sums up the TWO most important commandments and both are outside the Ten Commandments. These Commandments summarize the ENTIRE Book of the Law of Moses and the Prophets not the Ten Commandments.

Matthew 22:35-40 CSB
And one of them, an expert in the law, asked a question to test him: [36] “Teacher, which command in the law is the greatest?” [37] He said to him, “Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. [38] This is the greatest and most important command. [39] The second is like it: Love your neighbor as yourself. [40] All the Law and the Prophets depend on these two commands.

Galatians 5:14 CSB
For the whole law is fulfilled in one statement: Love your neighbor as yourself.


If you are keeping ONE Law (including the Sabbath)for salvation then you MUST keep ALL 613 Commands written in the Book of the Law of Moses.

You choose to obey Jesus (the Law of Christ) or the Mosaic Law. The Bible makes this choice CLEAR.

Questions that Challenge Your Current Understanding

  1. Reflect on your personal understanding of the Ten Commandments. Have you considered the significance of these two greatest commands outside of them? Why or why not?

  2. Considering the deceptive forces and teachings that can mislead believers, how do you ensure that your interpretation of the Law aligns with the Gospel of Jesus Christ?

  3. How can the most important laws from the Book of the Law of Moses be separated from the Ten Commandments? Were they not included with the Ark of the Covenant?